experts are helping the government of Belarus to improve the country’s electricity
tariff system for greater energy efficiency. This will benefit both industrial
and individual consumers of energy.
Belarus is at the beginning
of its restructuring and reform of the electricity sector; this includes reform
of tariff regulation. A
major component of cost reduction includes replacing average tariffs with cost-reflective time-of-use tariffs. These
tariffs, which encourage energy use in periods of less demand (most commonly
during the night instead of in daytime) will provide an incentive to some
consumers to switch their consumption to off-peak hours, thus reducing spikes
in peak demand. The reduced peak demand will also reduce the cost of
transmission and of the development of the distribution grid.
The Ministry of Energy of Belarus together with
INOGATE experts will focus on developing a tariff system that will allow
consumers to optimise their consumption in the long term: according to their
electricity requirements (day/night).
Cross subsidization, the practice of charging higher
prices to one group of consumers in order to subsidize another group, will need
to be eliminated to achieve the needed improvement of the tariff system. One of
the elements defined in “The Concept of the State Programme of the Development
of the Belarussian Electricity System for the Period till 2020” is improvement
of the tariff policy as applicable to both residential and industrial consumers.
The planned construction of a new nuclear power
plant (with a first unit in 2018 and the second in 2020) has the potential to
reduce the average cost of energy supply as it can be operated with a high
capacity factor all year round. This will optimise consumption and, together
with cost-reflective time-of-use tariffs, will reduce energy costs for both
industrial and individual consumers of energy.