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Areas of Cooperation

The EU and all Partner Countries are interested in securing energy supplies and diversifying energy sources, in order to limit energy wastage and to attract investments. As far as energy producers are concerned, there is an added interest in increasing their export revenues.

While the development of regional markets offers significant advantages to the countries of the region (e.g. improved utilization of existing supply and production capacities, promoting economic growth, stability and investment) it is up to the Partner Countries to decide how to best take advantage of the opportunities provided within the scope of this energy cooperation programme.

During 2006, the four working groups prepared and presented an Energy Road Map setting out the long-term vision for the new energy cooperation between the EU and the Partner countries.  This Energy Road Map was endorsed at the Energy Ministerial Conference held in Astana in November 2006 and it now forms the overriding framework for all the activities of the INOGATE Programme. The four following priority areas were identified:


Short to medium-term objectives:

  • Gradual convergence of energy markets with the principles of the EU internal energy market
  • Respecting fair competition
  • Promoting higher environmental, efficiency and safety standards, taking account of each Partner Country's internal policies

Long-term objective

  • Creation of integrated regional energy markets and their progressive integration into the EU internal energy market (where applicable)

Areas of work:

  • Gradual opening of the Partner Countries’ internal electricity, oil & gas markets
  • Establishing independent energy regulators
  • Establishing common methodologies for tariff setting policy for gas & electricity
  • Ensuring full, effective and transparent implementation of relevant legislation
  • Converging technical rules and creating compatible electricity markets
  • Monitoring progress
  • Capacity building for energy authorities


  • Enhancing energy security in the region by addressing energy exports, energy transit and energy demand issues

Areas of work:

  • Enhancing co-operation on open and non-discriminatory access to energy resources and networks
  • Minimising deterioration of energy networks, developing appropriate network maintenance practices and enhancing network safety and security
  • Supporting and actively promoting rehabilitation of existing energy infrastructures and development of new ones


  • Diversification of energy mix

  • Increased use of renewable energy sources

  • Promotion of energy demand management, including implementation of energy efficiency and energy-saving measures


Areas of work:

  • Promoting the development of the energy sector based on the principles of security of supply, competitiveness and environmental sustainability
  • Building stable, sustainable energy policy frameworks
  • Developing legal, institutional and financial frameworks to promote energy efficiency and renewable energy
  • Fostering market penetration of renewable energy
  • Enhancing institutional capacity
  • Participating in international initiatives


  • Further improvement of the investment climate to facilitate investment in the energy sector
  • Attraction of investments to support the development of energy production, transmission and distribution infrastructure

 Areas of work:

  • Developing transparent, equitable and stable frameworks for attracting investments
  • Promoting investment to ensure the sustainable development of the energy sector
  • Improving medium to long-term investment planning procedures and multicountry investment co-ordination, in particular with the aim to develop cross-border energy interconnections
  • Enhancing co-operation with International Financial Institutions (IFIs)
  • Identifying projects of common interest, following commonly accepted criteria, as set out in the Astana Ministerial Declaration 



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